Early figures were Heraclitus
and Lao Tzu.
Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching
is available on this site
Other thinkers on this site who are relevant to this topic are:
, Engels, Frankfurt School, Althusser
, Lukacs, Sartre
You could also explore the notion of totality.
to Adorno's Negative Dialectics
The history of dialectics is as long as the history of mankind's consciousness of its thought.